How to live longer: The ‘prehistoric’ diet to ward off obesity and disease

Lorraine: Dr Megan Rossi discusses plant based diets

We use your sign-up to provide content in ways you’ve consented to and to improve our understanding of you. This may include adverts from us and 3rd parties based on our understanding. You can unsubscribe at any time. More info

As well as helping individuals lose weight, a paleo diet also claims to be useful in planning meals.

If a person wants to start the paleo diet, there are a number of foods they need to stick to and some they need to avoid.

Fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, lean meats, fish, and oils are all part of what to include in the paleo diet.

In contrast an individual undertaking the diet must avoid grains, legumes such as beans, dairy products, refined sugar, salt, potatoes, and highly processed foods.

Whether the paleo diet works and is beneficial in the long-run is a subject of debate with limited research on the topic and limited long-term data on those who follow the diet over decades.

One study conducted in 2007 compared the paleo diet to the Mediterranean diet with the researchers focusing on glucose tolerance, insulin levels, weight, and waist circumference.

With regard to weight loss, scientists found that participants lost around five kilograms over 12 weeks on the paleo diet.

In contrast, those on the Mediterranean diet lost just under four kilograms during the same 12-week period.

While the weight loss difference between the two diets was not considered significant, the change in waist size was with those on the paleo diet losing just over two inches of waist compared to the one lost by those on the Mediterranean diet.

The researchers also investigated to what degree the paleo diet could affect glucose tolerance, a marker for insulin resistance and diabetes.

In this regard the paleo performed well compared to the Mediterranean as only the former saw an improvement in glucose tolerance.

The conclusion from this study was that the paleo diet was useful at helping someone lose weight and increase their glucose tolerance.

This ability to help an individual lose weight is reflected across multiple studies conducted in the 2000s and early 2010s with individuals losing between two and just under five kilos depending on the length of the diet.

Benefits of the paleo diet weren’t just limited to a reduction in weight, a 2009 study found that paleo diet could be useful in helping someone reduce their levels of cholesterol.

Published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, results showed that levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol fell by 22 percent while blood pressure also decreased.

However, due the paleo diet forcing an individual to avoid some veg and dairy, there was the potential for adverse effects to be present.

With regard to the safety of the paleo diet, there have been no reports of serious adverse effects during the conduction of the diet in the studies.

However, more research is still required in order to identify if there are any long-term impacts of the paleo diet.

Other diets that can help an individual lose weight include the DASH, Weight Watchers, Mediterranean, low-carb and plant-based diet.

For more information on diets contact the NHS or consult with your GP.

Source: Read Full Article