Type 2 diabetes can be a 'devastating diagnosis' says expert
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Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition whereby blood sugar levels can rise to dangerous levels. This threat is the result of poor insulin production. The primary role of insulin is to regulate blood sugar levels. If you have type 2 diabetes, you have to find alternative means of stabilising blood sugar.
Diet plays a decisive role in regulating blood sugar by curtailing blood sugar spikes after eating.
Certain items have proven particularly adept at delivering results.
According to a study published in BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, supplementing with clove extract can cause blood sugar levels to plummet.
Cloves are dried flower buds of the Syzygium aromaticum tree, which have been used as a spice for centuries or more.
“One particularly valuable clove extract contains a minimum of 30 percent total polyphenols, including gallic, chlorogenic, and ellagic acids, catechin, quercetin, and eugenol, all of which have health benefits,” wrote researchers in the study.
In past studies, this clove extract demonstrated benefits in the liver – a key area of the body (along with fat and muscle) involved in insulin resistance.
These findings led scientists to hypothesise that polyphenol-rich clove extract is likely to have benefits for glucose metabolism in adult humans.
Researchers enrolled 13 healthy volunteers (aged 25-35), dividing them into two groups based on their initial pre-meal glucose levels.
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Group one had normal after-meal glucose and group two had high after-meal glucose.
On day one, individuals ate a standard lunch immediately after the blood draw, and then right after lunch, all were given a 250 mg capsule of clove extract.
After two hours, a post-meal glucose measurement was taken. This pattern was repeated daily for 30 days, with pre and post-meal glucose measurements taken on days 12, 24, and 30.
The results found that in those with normal fasting glucose, clove supplementation had no impact on fasting glucose (before-meal) sugar levels.
But in the prediabetic group, clove extract caused significant reductions in pre-meal (fasting) glucose on days 24 and 30.
This suggests that clove extract could help maintain normal blood sugar levels throughout the day in people with prediabetes — those at highest risk for cardiovascular events and for developing type II diabetes, the researchers noted.
What’s more, in both study groups, clove extract significantly lowered after-meal blood sugar levels.
The average reduction in post-meal sugar levels over the 30-day study was 21.5 percent in the healthy group, and 27.2 percent in the prediabetes.
Type 2 diabetes – symptoms to spot
Many people have type 2 diabetes without realising. This is because symptoms do not necessarily make you feel unwell.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:
- Peeing more than usual, particularly at night
- Feeling thirsty all the time
- Feeling very tired
- Losing weight without trying to
- Itching around your penis or vagina, or repeatedly getting thrush
- Cuts or wounds taking longer to heal
- Blurred vision.
Due to the vagueness of symptoms, type 2 diabetes is often diagnosed following blood or urine tests for something else, says the NHS.
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